Who is at risk?
Although back pain can occur at any age, it can become more common in your thirties.
People who are not physically fit or overweight are also at higher risk.
Several diseases and / or conditions can cause back pain: scoliosis or arthritis, endometriosis, fibromyalgia and even pregnancy to name a few.
Some occupations are more likely to cause back pain in the long run, both physical jobs and those asking to sit at the computer all day by the way!
What you need to know about back pain:
Back pain can appear suddenly (following a fall for example) or still occur over time, worsening with the years. The pain can also be intermittent
Back pain can have a variety of causes: a mechanical problem in the back, muscle weakness of the trunk, an injury, a wrong movement or stretching, muscle spasms, nerves or irritated or compressed joints … Psychological factors stress and anxiety can even cause pain in the shoulders and neck by involuntary muscle contraction.
Sudden and severe back pain (eg, occurring after a particularly vigorous workout) usually tends to subside on their own as time goes on.
Prevention of back pain:
The best prevention is to maintain a good physical shape and a healthy weight. Regular movement is essential, including exercises to strengthen the trunk muscles.
If you have to lift heavy objects, do it in the right way, leaning forward, forcing with your legs rather than your back and keeping your back straight.
Good posture also prevents muscle fatigue and allows the body to function optimally. It’s a good habit that should start at an early age!
Treatment of back pain:
The treatment of back pain is often integrated and personalized, combining different strategies to see what works.
Localized application of heat or ice (or both, alternately) reduces inflammation and relaxes muscles. Medicated creams are more often effective.
Different physical exercises can relieve chronic lower back pain by strengthening this area. But do not try in the case of acute and sudden pain!
Massage therapy and physiotherapy can also help relieve chronic back pain.
Over-the-counter and prescription medications can also ease the pain and allow you to function normally. Among these are analgesics, anti-inflammatories and muscle relaxants.
In general, surgery is rarely used to treat back pain. It is only necessary in a few specific cases (including some severe herniated discs) when all other solutions have failed.
In case of back pain that persists after more than 6 weeks, the first thing to do is to talk to a health professional, who will guide you and propose solutions!